Feeding Management Techniques of Ducks and Ducks in Different Seasons

The temperature, humidity and light in the duck house are directly affected by the influence of the outside climate. Therefore, in order to maintain a good production of ducks, it is necessary to adopt appropriate feeding and management measures in accordance with changes in the seasons so as to achieve high production and efficient production of ducks. . The feeding and management techniques of laying ducks in different seasons are introduced as follows: 1 Spring feeding and management The spring climate changes from cold to warm, and the sunshine hours increase day by day. The climatic conditions are very favorable for laying eggs. We must make full use of this favorable factor to create stable production. High-yielding environment. In this period, we must first add enough feed to meet the needs of both quantity and quality. In this season's excellent individuals, the egg production rate sometimes exceeds 100%. Second, we must pay attention to insulation, the early part of the season will occasionally cold currents, the spring and summer, the weather is changeable, there will be early hot weather, or there is continuous rain, it is necessary to take measures, treat differently, keep the duck house dry, Ventilation, clean and hygienic work, and regular disinfection. If every rainy day, it is necessary to change the operating procedures and shorten the time for ducks. Don't accumulate too much material in the bedding. Regularly clean it up. Whenever you remove the bedding, combine it with one disinfection. 2 Feeding management in the rainy season In the late spring and early summer, most provinces in the south had a rainy season in late June and June. They were often rainy and rainy, with high temperatures and high humidity. Floods occurred in some low-lying areas. At this time, carelessness would occur. Egg, hair change. The focus of the Meiyu season management is mildew prevention and ventilation. The measures taken are: First, open the doors and windows of the duck house (grass house can be removed before and after the straw screen), fully ventilated, remove the dirty air inside the house, when high temperature and high humidity, pay special attention to prevent ammonia poisoning; , It is necessary to change the bedding to keep the duck house dry. Third, to clear the drainage ditch to keep the stadium dry and not to accumulate sewage. Fourth, to prevent the feed from becoming moldy and degenerate, and not to feed too much at all, the feed should be kept dry Wherever, the rain should be prevented during transportation, and moldy feed should never be used to feed ducks. Fifth, the duck house should be sterilized on a regular basis, and the ground should be covered with ash, which can absorb moisture and have a certain amount of moisture. Disinfection; Sixth, the fence and duck beach should be promptly repaired. If there is a pit in the playground, it should be leveled in time. 3 Feeding and management during the summer from the end of June to August is the hottest period of the year. At this time, the management is not good. This not only results in a decrease in the egg production rate, but also causes the death of the ducks. However, if the ducks can be carefully reared at this time, the ducks The egg production rate can still be maintained above 90%. The focus of management during this period was to prevent the heatstroke from cooling. Can take the following measures: First, you can brush the white duck, or plant loofah, pumpkin, so that the vines climb the roof, insulation and cooling. The stadium (Yatan) takes a pergola, or lets the vines of pumpkins and gourds climb up to shade; secondly, the doors and windows in the duck house are opened, and the straw curtains on the front and back walls of the hut are all unloaded to speed up the air circulation. The installation of exhaust fans or ceiling fans, ventilation cooling; Third, early ducks, late ducks, increase the number of lunch breaks and the number of times. Don't catch ducks in the evening, let the ducks cool in the open at night, but need to light the lights in the center or around the stadium to prevent rats and wild animals from harming the ducks. Fourthly, the water supply must not be interrupted, and there should be sufficient and clean drinking water throughout the day. Drink cool well water; Fifth, it should be fed with more plants and other green materials to increase the protein content of concentrate feed. Feed should be kept fresh, eat now and mix, in order to prevent corruption sour; sixth, reduce the rearing density, properly evacuated ducks in order to reduce Sherwin; seven, before the thunderstorm, they must go to shelters, to prevent thunderstorms from raids; its eight The duck houses and sports grounds should be cleaned frequently, and the basins and material basins should be washed once to keep them sanitary and dry on the ground. 4 In the fall, feeding and management entered September and October. It was the time when the cold and warm air alternated. At this time, the weather was changeable. If the ducks were reared in the previous year, after a half year of production, the body of the ducks was relatively poor. Fatigue, a little carelessness, we must suspend production and exchange of hair, so the people have the saying “Spring is afraid of four, autumn is afraid of eight, eight past, born to wax”. The so-called “Autumn Fear” means that the August of the lunar calendar is a difficult time. It is not only possible to maintain an egg production rate of more than 80%, but also a risk of drastic decline. The main points of feeding and management at this time are: First, it is necessary to take additional artificial lighting. Make daily light time (natural light plus supplementary light) not less than 16 hours; Second, to overcome the impact of climate change, so that the change in the microclimate within the duck house is not too large; Third, the appropriate increase in nutrition, pay attention to supplement animals Protein feed; Fourth, the operating procedures and feeding environment should be kept relatively stable; Fifth, we must pay attention to the appropriate supplement inorganic salt feed, it is best to set up a separate salt basin in the duck house, any duck to eat freely. 5 Winter feeding and management from the end of November to early February, is the coldest year of the year, and it is also the period when the sunshine hours are the least. However, if it is a new female duck that hatched in the spring, as long as it manages well, it can also maintain an egg production rate of more than 80%; if it is not managed properly, it will also reduce the rising egg production rate, making the entire winter at a low level. on. The main focus of winter feeding management is cold insulation and maintaining a certain amount of light hours. The measures are: First, to increase the concentration of metabolic energy in feed, reaching a level of 12100 to 12500 kJ per kilogram, appropriately reducing the content of protein, preferably 17% to 18%; and second, increasing the unit area in the duck house. The breeding density on the square, can be raised 8 to 9 per square meter; Third, the duck house to put hay, to keep the house dry; Fourth, close the doors and windows to prevent thieves wind invasion, the north window must be blocked, the temperature When it is low, it is best to add a mezzanine under the roof, or at a distance of 2 meters from the ground, cross the bamboo poles and spread the straw or plastic sheet to facilitate the insulation; Fifth, the best drinking water in winter is to use warm water, and the hot water is used in the spices. Sixth, late in the morning, let the ducks duck early in the evening to reduce the number of launches and shorten the time to launch. When the sun is sunny in the morning and afternoon, each bath takes about 10 minutes. In addition, the artificial lighting supplements the daily light for not less than 16 hours. The eighth, before the ducks are released each day, it is necessary to open the window for ventilation. Then duck in the house for 5 to 10 minutes, to promote more exercise ducks. 6 daily operation procedures 6.1 morning (5:00 to 8:00 depending on the seasons change, late in winter and early in the summer) A, put the ducks out of the water to scatter water grass, so that ducks bathe in the water, mating, herbivorous; B, Into the duck quail eggs, observe and record the number, weight and quality of the duck eggs; C, put the feed bowls, basins washed out, placed on the playground; D observed duck droppings status (study feed digestion); E mix well Feed, for the first feeding. 6.2 Morning (8:30~11:00) A. Sprinkle grass on the surface of the water to feed green fodder. B. Clean up and lay on clean grass or ash. When laying grass, people should step back to avoid new paving. The grass is trampled; C, feed a fresh feed such as snails (according to local specific conditions); D, mix the second meal, wash the basin, material basin and move it to the house, add good feed and water E. Collect the eggs produced on the playground during the day and transport the eggs into storage. 6.3 Noon (11:00~13:00) Bring the ducks into the house and take a rest after eating. 6.4pm (13:30~17:30) A. Let the duck go out and scatter water on the surface of the water so that the ducks can graze in the water, mating and bathing. B. Take out the pots and basins in the house and clean them up. Place on the sports ground; C, mix the feed, feed the third feed from 15 to 16 o'clock; D, pour a hay again into the duck bar; E move the material basin, water basin into the duck house and add good feed and drinking water. , 17:30 to 18:00 catch ducks (time changes with the season); F, indoor open light. 6.5 Check in once at about 9 pm and add water and feed. Lights will be turned off at 10 o'clock, leaving only low light for overnight lighting. (Author: Xing Yau Dutch Unit: Zhangqiu market Husbandry Bureau)

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